Mechatronics engineering is a rapidly advancing field that combines the principles of electrical and mechanical engineering to create practical and innovative solutions for various industries. With its interdisciplinary nature, mechatronics has become indispensable in the development of cutting-edge products and technologies.
One fascinating area within mechatronics engineering is robotics. As robotics continues to revolutionize industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and transportation, mechatronics engineers play a crucial role in designing and programming robots that can perform complex tasks autonomously.
For aspiring mechatronics engineering students, brainstorming project ideas to work on can be an exciting yet challenging task. To provide some inspiration, here is a curated list of intriguing project ideas:
- Autonomous Drone Delivery System: Design and develop a drone delivery system capable of autonomously navigating through obstacles and delivering packages to specified destinations.
- Smart Home Automation: Create a home automation system that integrates various sensors and actuators to intelligently control devices, such as lighting, temperature, and security systems.
- Assistive Robotic Arm: Build a robotic arm to aid individuals with limited mobility in performing daily tasks, such as eating, gripping objects, or writing.
- Automated Agricultural Monitoring: Develop a system that utilizes sensors and data analysis techniques to monitor soil moisture, temperature, and plant health, enabling better agricultural management.
- Gesture-based Human-Machine Interface: Create an intuitive interface using gesture recognition technology to control electronic devices, eliminating the need for physical contact.
- Robotic Exoskeleton for Rehabilitation: Design a wearable exoskeleton that offers assistance and rehabilitation for individuals with mobility impairments, improving their quality of life and facilitating recovery.
- Autonomous Surveillance Robot: Construct a mobile robot equipped with cameras and sensors capable of patrolling designated areas and detecting suspicious activities or intrusions.
- Intelligent Traffic Management System: Develop a smart traffic management system that utilizes real-time data and AI algorithms to optimize traffic flow and reduce congestion.
Remember, these project ideas are meant to spark your creativity and serve as a starting point for your own unique project. Feel free to modify or combine them to align with your specific interests and goals. Good luck with your mechatronics engineering journey!
Five Finger Myoelectric Anthropoid hand
Our mission is to enhance the functionality and usability of MYO-electric prosthetic hands for individuals with limb differences. Our project focuses on the development and implementation of an advanced MYO-electric hand with a range of customizable grip patterns, tailored to meet the unique needs and preferences of each user.
To achieve our objectives, we have identified several key areas for improvement. First and foremost, we aim to optimize the design of the hand, ensuring a comfortable fit and natural range of motion. We will also refine the electrical circuitry, enhancing its efficiency and reliability for seamless control and feedback.
In addition, we plan to introduce an intuitive control system that allows users to easily switch between different grip patterns based on their specific tasks and activities. By incorporating advanced sensor technology and intelligent algorithms, we can achieve precise finger positioning and responsive movement.
Aesthetics is another aspect we prioritize, as we believe that the aesthetic appeal of prosthetic devices plays a crucial role in boosting users’ confidence and acceptance. We will work towards creating a sleek and visually appealing design that resembles the appearance of a natural hand as closely as possible.
Through a multidisciplinary approach that combines expertise in mechanics, electronics, control systems, and user experience, we are confident in our ability to create a state-of-the-art MYO-electric hand that significantly improves the quality of life for individuals with limb differences.
Flapping Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Unmanned Lead Vehicle
The purpose of this project was to develop both hardware and software components for a highly versatile semi-autonomous vehicle. This vehicle has been specifically designed to excel in various applications, including both rescue missions and military operations. By integrating state-of-the-art technology and advanced algorithms, the vehicle offers unparalleled performance, efficiency, and reliability. Whether it’s traversing challenging terrains or navigating through complex environments, this vehicle is equipped to handle it all. Its cutting-edge features and robust design make it an invaluable asset in critical situations, ensuring the safety and success of missions.
- Making the quad-bike vehicle autonomous by Implementing Model Predictive Control (MPC).
- State space Modeling and Simulation of vehicle in visual studio and Webots.
- IBVS technique used for controlling the motion of vehicle.
- Target Tracking of any desired object in OpenCV.
- I recommend mechatronics engineering students to have a look on this project.
Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV)
Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) are vehicles that operate without the presence of an onboard human. They are specifically designed to navigate and carry out tasks on the ground autonomously. UGVs have become increasingly popular in various industries and applications where it may be inconvenient, hazardous, or simply not possible for a human operator to be physically present.
One notable field where UGVs excel is in mechatronics engineering projects. These projects often involve the development and control of versatile terrain platforms with flipper arms for enhanced mobility. These platforms are equipped with advanced features such as bomb-disposal capabilities and the ability to assist in urban search and rescue operations. The integration of a 6 degree of freedom manipulator allows for precise and intricate tasks to be performed.
Additionally, we worked on a small UGV that can be thrown into urban environments for surveillance purposes. This compact and agile UGV enhances situational awareness and enables effective monitoring in challenging urban terrains. Its ability to navigate and gather real-time intelligence in urban settings proves to be invaluable for various applications.
UGVs continue to advance in technology and find novel applications across different industries. Their autonomous capabilities and versatility make them a promising solution for tackling complex tasks and improving operational efficiency.
Design and fabrication of Aerial Robot (quadcopter) for condition monitoring of paved surfaces.
Quadcopters, also known as multi-rotor aerial vehicles, are commonly used for aerial imaging and surveillance purposes. In this project, we have developed a quadcopter specifically designed to detect cracks in roads and pavements. Our innovative solution incorporates various tasks and features to ensure accurate crack detection.
- Designing and fabrication of quadcopter
- PID control and stabilization of vehicle
- Implementation of crack detection algorithm
Domestic Assisting Robot using ROS and iCreate
The domestic assisting robot is designed and built with the Robocup@Home league in mind. Its primary purpose is to assist users in a domestic environment by performing various tasks. These tasks include facial recognition, user identification, speech recognition, obstacle avoidance, and local area mapping. The robot is based on the iCreate platform and utilizes ROS (Robot Operating System) for software and control. With its advanced features and capabilities, the robot provides seamless assistance and enhances the overall domestic experience.
Development of Manipulator, control and Analysis of Unmanned Ground Vehicles.
The objective of this project is to design and construct a 4DOF manipulator that can be mounted on a tele-operated SUGV (Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle). The manipulator consists of three revolute joints, making it an RRR manipulator. Furthermore, it is equipped with a versatile gripper capable of securely grasping and releasing objects of varying sizes, with a maximum weight capacity of approximately 4 to 5 kilograms. To enhance situational awareness, a surveillance camera is integrated onto the manipulator, providing live video feed to the operator.
To facilitate control and operation, a user-friendly GUI has been developed using the C# programming language. This interface allows the operator to effortlessly control the UGV and its manipulator, while simultaneously providing a real-time display of the camera feed. To ensure structural integrity, a comprehensive static analysis has been conducted to anticipate and address any potential stresses that may arise within the manipulator, SUGV, and TREC UGV.
In order to maintain precise control, a closed-loop control system has been implemented, which utilizes encoders to provide feedback and regulate the SUGV’s drive. This ensures accurate positioning and maneuverability of the robotic system.
Overall, this project aims to deliver a robust and versatile manipulator system that enhances the capabilities of the tele-operated SUGV, enabling it to perform a wide range of tasks with efficiency and precision.
Elevator Control and Conveyer Control System using PLC
The elevator system is controlled using Siemens’ S7-1200 PLC, offering efficient and reliable operation. This advanced PLC programming technology supports the automation of elevator functions, including the management of three-story buildings and door systems. The system follows the FIFO (First In, First Out) principle to efficiently handle incoming requests.
For the conveyor system, an Allen Bradley PLC is utilized. The conveyor sensor plays a crucial role in detecting objects, ensuring seamless and accurate functionality. To enhance the performance of the conveyor system, a pre-fabricated simulator with a 24-volt DC motor is incorporated, allowing precise control and efficient stamping operations.
By integrating these advanced technologies, the elevator and conveyor systems achieve optimal performance, enabling seamless and reliable operations in various industrial settings.
*[PLC]: Programmable Logic Controller
*[DC]: Direct Current
Brain Computer Interface
A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a fascinating technology that allows individuals to communicate with the outside world by decoding electronic signals from the brain.
In our project, we have developed an advanced 6-degree-of-freedom upper limb prosthesis that incorporates an asynchronous online BCI system. This innovative system can acquire real-time brain signals and effectively differentiate between different types of movements based on these signals.
By harnessing the power of this BCI technology, individuals can regain control and functionality of their limbs, greatly enhancing their quality of life. This remarkable breakthrough not only showcases the potential of BCI in the field of prosthetics but also opens up new possibilities for human-computer interaction.
- Opening of hand
- Closing of hand
The developed prosthesis is capable of providing adaptive gripping on individual fingers.
On-Board Diagnostic Scanner for IVECO LRV
The On-Board Diagnostic Scanner, or OBD, is a device used to detect Data Trouble Codes (DTCs) generated by a vehicle’s Electronic Control Unit (ECU). It also performs PID tests to check the performance of the vehicle. The primary goal of this project is to establish communication with the IVECO’s ECU and develop a scanner with the following features:
- Efficient Communication: The scanner ensures reliable and fast communication with the vehicle’s ECU, allowing for quick and accurate diagnosis of any issues.
- Comprehensive Diagnostic Capabilities: It is equipped to read and interpret a wide range of DTCs, providing detailed information about specific problems within the vehicle’s systems.
- Real-Time Monitoring: The scanner offers real-time monitoring of various parameters, enabling users to analyze live data and identify potential malfunctions or abnormalities.
- User-Friendly Interface: With an intuitive and user-friendly interface, the scanner simplifies the diagnostic process, allowing even non-experts to effectively use the device.
- Wide Compatibility: It supports a variety of IVECO vehicle models, ensuring compatibility with different makes and models within the IVECO range.
By investing in this advanced OBD scanner, users can effectively troubleshoot issues, improve vehicle performance, and save time and money on unnecessary repairs.
- Checks the different parameters of the vehicle (PID’s).
- Checks the DTC’s (Data Trouble Codes) generated by the ECU.
Hybrid Prosthetic Limb (Wrist Joint)
The Myo-Electric prosthesis is a device specially designed for the amputees to provide them a replacement for the conventional artificial limb. The patient is able to perform natural motary movement of hand and wrist using the device. The hybrid prosthesis (wrist joint) is based on the incorporation of wrist joint in the hybrid prosthetic limb. The design of wrist joint encompasses the mechanical design and analysis, electrical design and simulations and implantation of control followed by manufacturing of actual model. The 1 DOF writs joint is manufactured and 3DOF wrist joint have been designed and analyzed. This is very famous project among mechatronics engineering students.
Segway Electric Vehicle
Segway electric is a to wheeled, self-balancing human transporter. It is an effective mode of transportation for shorter distances. It has low cost, uses no fuel, reduces human exertion, and is an environment friendly vehicle.Our project includes the design, fabrication and control of Segway vehicle. we have produced a fully-operational Segway with a compact design and an efficient control system.
Navigation, Human Tracking and Object manipulation by Mobile Robot in Unknown Environment
This project idea focuses on the navigation of mobile robot in an indoor stochastic environment by the implementation of Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Algorithm on a Roomba ICreate based Robot using the Robotic Operating System (ROS) Environment. The project also focuses on using motion planning algorithm to pick up simple objects using 4-DOF manipulator and skeletal tracking of humans in an unknown environment. The aim of this project is the integration of robots in human lives with development of service and assistive robot that can be used in the home environment.
Robotic Powered Ankle Foot Prosthesis
Prosthesis is an artificial device that replaces a missing or injured part of one’s body. We have catered the problem of below knee amputation. EMG based control is implemented to achieve desirable results. An agronomic design with actuators and motors takes care of movement in which feedback and control of the input is based on output from sensors. The purpose of this project is the development of assistive robotic prosthesis that can be used by amputated people in everyday environment to obtain natural gait. It can also be used as a research object, based on which better products can be developed for the betterment of human lives. Developed general prototype after modification and further research would be ready to get commercialized on the prosthetic market.
Wireless Communicated Simulation Mine
We are developing a system mechatronics engineering based which will help to train army personals to detect land mines effectively and furthermore, will give birth to better mine detection system. The equipment used involves a casing which is of the size of a landmine which in capsules an Arduino mini pro microcontroller, a Force resistive sensor which is mounted on top of the casing for sensing if load is placed on top and a RF transceiver.As soon as a mine is stepped on, it will transmit a signal, containing the address of that mine to the Control Room. The control room microcontroller will then receive the code and raise a flag on the GUI, which is built in Matlab.
Fabrication of an automated elbow joint
The need of an automated elbow joint was established when we realized that the user needs to be able to control both hands independently. Our project involves the design of a gearbox that enables the user to easily life up to 5 kg load using the artificial arm.We have also ensured that the arm is compatible with other projects of prosthesis allowing easy interface between them and this product.
Brain Computer Interface
Several types of hands have been designed to mimic the dexterity of human. Mechanical grippers have been widely used because of light weight and consuming less energy, as prosthetic tools to replace missing carpals. To ensure the reliability of the grip force, the gripper should have sufficient strength and stiffness. This gripper has ne actuator. This gripper comply with the medical development and is worthy of consideration.
Improvement of an On-board Diagnostic (OBD) Scanner for Troubleshooting of Complaint Vehicles
Our project deals with the improvement of the indigenously developed generic On Board Diagnostic Scanner and its working on Honda staff car & other vehicles. We use a laptop to interact with our scanner using RS-232(Serial) communication. This scanner shows the live vehicle parameter, including rpm of engine, battery voltage, speed, throttle pedal position, intake air temperature etc. as well as the diagnostic trouble codes for different passenger vehicles and military vehicle Land rover defender. We have developed a flexible and easy to use GUI which acts as an interface b/w the Engine Control Unit of a vehicle and user. This scanner helps the mechanism and user s to get information about the vehicle parameters and check the faults if any known as Diagnostic trouble Codes (DTCs). The scanner also include service functions which are present in the HONDA OEM diagnostics scanner including VTEC test, ETCS, A/C clutch test, Fuel Pump test, and other functional tests.
Study and development of Android Application for OBD-II
On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) is a term used to describe the self-diagnostic and reporting capabilities of modern automotive vehicles. It enables the vehicle’s electronic control unit (ECU) to perform thorough diagnostics and provide essential data for troubleshooting and maintenance purposes.
In our research, we have developed an efficient procedure for extracting data from the ECU using a custom-built scanner. The scanner, equipped with a standard Bluetooth module, establishes a connection to an Android phone. Through this wireless connection, the scanner sends commands to the ECU to retrieve diagnostic information.
Once the ECU responds, the scanner securely transmits the data to the Android application we have developed. This user-friendly application decodes and presents the diagnostic information in a comprehensible format on the smartphone screen. By leveraging this OBD-II solution, users can easily monitor the status, performance, and health of their vehicles.
Our innovative solution simplifies the diagnostic process, empowering vehicle owners to make informed decisions about maintenance and repairs. By providing real-time access to vital information, our OBD-II solution ensures optimal vehicle performance, enhances safety, and helps users stay ahead of any potential issues.
With this advanced technology, users can gain deeper insights into their vehicles, enabling them to take proactive measures to maintain and prolong the lifespan of their cherished automobiles.