Introduction to Tiva Series TM4C123G LaunchPad

In this tutorial, we will give an explanatory introduction of a TM4C123G microcontroller namely TIVA C series TM4C123G by Texas instrumentals. We will first give a detailed introduction of the microcontroller used for this development board. After that Pinout, GPIO pins, memory, and different peripherals available on the LaunchPad will be explained. It will include the description of features of every port including GPIO pins. In the end, we will see the different types of integrated development environments (IDE) that are available to program the TM4C123G development board.

TM4C123G LaunchPad

If you can just a beginner in microcontrollers programming, you can read these tutorials:

Tiva C Series TM4C123G LaunchPad Introduction

The TM4C123G is a member of the class of high performance 32 bit ARM cortex M4 microcontroller with a broad set of peripherals developed by Texas Instrumentals. The TIVA launchpad has a built-in processor clock frequency of up to 80MHz with a floating-point unit (FPU). The Cortex-M4F processor also supports the tail chaining functionality. It also includes a nested vector interrupt controller (NVIC). The debugging interface used is JTAG and SWD (serial wire debugger) for programming and debugging purposes.

TM4C123G LaunchPad Features

The TM4C123G has a vast variety of applications. It hosts a variety of communication peripherals which can be used to connect all sorts of electronics devices; both sensors and actuators for example IR sensors, motors etc.The TM4C123G is basically a Thumb216/32 bit code that is 26% memory and 25% faster than 32-bit and has a flexible clocking system and can also access real time clock through hibernation module.

TM4C123G LaunchPad Pinout Diagram

This figure shows the front end pinout diagram:

TM4C123G LaunchPad Pinout front end

This figure shows the pin confiuration for back end connetor:

TM4C123G LaunchPad Pinout back end

TM4C123GH6PMI Microcontroller Features

The TM4C123GH6PMI microcontroller of ARM Cortex-M4F operates at 80MHz clock frequency. The clocked source of the I/O port circuitry of the TIVA board can be enabled using the RCGCGPIO register. The clock source of a pin should be disabled if an I/O port is not used to save power.

The pins of the microcontroller as visible from the above figure are internally connected to the output on board ports and the functionality of the pins of the controller is shown in the figure below:

TM4C123G Microcontroller

GPIO (General Purpose Input Output)

It has 0-43 general purpose input-output pins. Any GPIO can be used as an external edge or level triggered interrupt, it can initial ADC sampling, can change toggle rate up to CPU clock speed on the advanced high-performance bus. Each input pin has a tolerance voltage of 5V in the input configuration. Every GPIO pin also has a weak pull-up, pull-down, and open drain.

There are many registers associated with each of the above I/O ports and they have designated addresses in the memory map. The above addresses are the Base addresses meaning that within that base address we have the registers associated with that port.

Port nameLower addressUpper address
GPIO port A0x400040000x40004FFF
GPIO port B0x400050000x40005FFF
GPIO port C0x400060000x40006FFF
GPIO port D0x400070000x40007FFF
GPIO port E0x400240000x40024FFF
GPIO port F0x400250000x40025FFF

Most of the GPIO pins in a microcontroller can be configured for an alternate hardware function. It should be noted that only 1 of the alternate functions can be configured at a given time. The user program can switch among different alternate functionality during execution.

The general-purpose I/O pins are named as port A to port F in TM4C123G microcontroller. The address range of the GPIO pins are given in the table below,
Port name Lower address Upper address.

These ports are designated as PA0-PA7, PB0-PB7, PC0-PC7, PD0-PD7, PE0-PE5, and PF0-PF4. The figure below shows the on board GPIO pins f TIVA.

TM4C123G Peripherals and Modules

Memory

It has
• 256 kb Flash memory.
• 32 kb single-cycle SRAM with internal ROM loaded with TivaWare software.
• 2 kb EEPROM which is fast and saves board space

Serial Communication Modules

It also has onboard mounted

  • USB 2.0 (OTG / HOST / Device)
  • 8 UART ports with IrDA, 9-bit and ISO7816 port
  • 6 I2C
  • 4 SPI microwire or TI synchronous serial interface
  • 2 CAN Modules

Memory protection unit

It has a built-in feature of generating a memory management fault on incorrect access to region.

Timers

It has

  • 2 watchdog timers with separate clocks
  • 1 SysTick timer, with 24-bit high-speed RTOS and another timer
  • Six 32bit and six 64 bit general-purpose timers.

32 Channel DMA

It also has two interrupt enabled priority levels and 8, 16 and 32 bit data sizes.

Nested Vector Interrupt controller (NVIC):

The built-in nested vector interrupt controller is a vector or stack you can say which contains 7 exceptions (defined by the programmer) and 71 interrupts (to be defined by the user) with 8 programmable priority levels. These priority levels decide the priority of the interrupts defined by the user and always have lower priority than the programmer-defined exceptions.

TM4C123G LaunchPad Components

OnBoard Microcontroller

Two onboard chips present on the board are debugger and the microcontroller. The debugger mounted on the board is JTAG or SWD as we will see shortly, and the microcontroller chip mounted on the board is TM4C123G after which the board is named. Refer to the figure below:

TM4C123G LaunchPad Chip

Push Buttons

There are two onboard switches (Push button) on the LaunchPad that are connected internally with the GPIO pins, and a toggle switch that is used as a power switch, and another push button that is used to reset or restart the program execution that is already loaded on the board. As shown in the figure below:

TM4C123G LaunchPad onboard push buttons

SW1 push-button switch is connected to the PF0 GPIO pin and the SW2 push-button switch is connected to the PF4 GPIO pin.

Onboard LEDs

One onboard tri-color LED is also present on the TIVA launchpad which is internally connected to the F port of the GPIO pins, and when enabled the led shows the color of the enabled pin. And also there is a power LED of color green on the board which when on tells the user that the board is turned on. Both the LEDs are highlighted in the figure below.

TM4C123G LaunchPad onboad LEDs

Data sheets

The datasheet of TIVA TM4C123G ARM-based cortex-M4F microcontroller is available online and you can easily access it through the link given below:

Datasheet link: Download

TM4C123G Block diagram

The ARM chips have two buses: APB (Advanced Peripheral Bus) and AHB (Advanced High-Performance Bus). The AHB bus is much faster than APB. The AHB allows one clock cycle access to the peripherals. The APB is slower and its access time is minimum of 2 clock cycles.

A high-level block diagram of TM4C123G microcontroller is shown in the figure below.

TM4C123G Block diagram

From the figure, it is visible that there are 2 on-chip buses AHB and APB, which connect the processor core to the peripherals. These buses are constructed from the system bus using a bus matrix. It should be recalled that this bus matrix is different from the one used inside the processor block. The bus matrix inside the processor block is responsible for connecting the instruction and data buses from the processor core I code D code to system buses.

The advanced peripheral bus (APB) is the low speed bus. The more complex Advanced High-performance Bus (AHB) gives improved performance than the APB bus and should be used for interfacing those peripherals, which require faster data transfer speed. The block diagram also shows different peripherals modules connected to these two buses. It should be noted that only the GPIO and direct memory access (DMA) modules have connectivity available to both buses.

IDE for programming

There are many options available to write programs for TM4C123G launchpad such as Energia IDE, code composer studio, and Keil. The IDE that we will use for programming the TM4C123G is Keil. It allows you to build a programming interface in the language of your desire. You can write a code to be burnt on the microcontroller in the language of your desire as we will see shortly in the upcoming tutorials.

Check these getting started tutorials for Keil IDE:

2 thoughts on “Introduction to Tiva Series TM4C123G LaunchPad”

  1. HI ,
    I am new to tivaware series controllers , I would like to enable 8 interrupt in same GPIO port (example PORTA ).Is this possible in TM4C123GXL controller??

    Reply
  2. Rani L.,
    You can enable/disable an interrupt for each individual pin,
    You can assign relative priority
    You have one interrupt handler per port (at least, for the Texas Instruments’ MSP series, couldn’t tell for sure for this particular Texas Instruments’ MCU. And in this handler, you can identify which pin (of the port, a port having generally 8 pins ) has a pending call (due to priority, they are automatically “stacked” by the NVIC )

    Reply

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